18新利网址国际商业与社会科学学术研究杂志

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ISSN:2222-6990

非殖民化,外援和独立后尼日利亚欠发达

James Olusegun Adeyeri,A. Stephen Adeniji
  1. 第884-891页
  2. 收到时间:07 2月,2021年
  3. 修订:2021年3月10日
  4. 在线发布:2021年4月24日

http://dx.doi.org/10.6007/ijarbss/v11-i4/9736.

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除了会见尼日利亚民族主义者的需求之外,脱殖多元化期的特点还以尼日利亚作为殖民地的经济剥削利用率的特征,特别是在第二次世界大战期间。The government pursued the maximum utilization of Nigeria’s economic resources through highly rigid policies such as forced labour and drastic lowering of producer prices in order to boost production of Nigerian product such as rubber, palm oil, tin and groundnuts, which were strategic to Britain’s war effort. The government disrupted the internal marketing systems and introduced state controlled marketing of Nigeria agricultural exports. The colonial educational system was structured to produce clerks but not economically productive skilled personnel who can create wealth. This paper contend that just as colonial Nigerian society was unequal (privileged British colonists and poor Nigeria subjects), Nigeria currently suffers from inequality within the contemporary globalized international economic system mainly due to the British-imposed colonial economic model of primary products exports as the cornerstone of Nigeria’s national economy during the decades preceding independence. Instead of initiating policies that would jump-start Nigerian industrialization, the British colonial policy of dependence on primary products laid the foundation for post-independence Nigeria’s underdevelopment. Nigeria’s current crisis of development is further aggravated by decades of ineffective foreign development aid mainly because such aids are largely not negotiated but dictated, and managed by officials of the international or multilateral aid agencies who do not have adequate understanding of Nigerian development needs and circumstances. Such aids, in most cases, thus result in a worsening economy characterized by increasing unemployment, spiral inflation, hitches in the productive mechanism, and widening income inequality. This paper explores the role of British decolonization process, and foreign aid in post-independence Nigerian underdevelopment. The study concludes that home-grown approaches anchored upon good governance, effective utilization of resources, probity and accountability are crucial to Nigeria’s recovering from its current condition of underdevelopment. It adopts the historical analytical method.

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